- Willett WC, Leibel RL: Dietary fat is not major determinant of body fat. Am J Med. 2002, 113: 47S-59S. 10.1016/S0002-9343(01)00992-5. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Pirozzo S, Summerbell C, Cameron C, Glasziou P: Advice on low-fat diets for obesity. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews. 2002, CD003640-2 Google Scholar
- Weinberg SL: The diet-heart hypothesis: a critique. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004, 43: 731-733. 10.1016/j.jacc.2003.10.034. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Haynie DT: Biological Thermodynamics. 2001, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press View Article Google Scholar
- McArdle WD, Katch FI, Katch VL: Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance. 2001, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Lippincott Williams Wilkins Google Scholar
- Feinman RD, Fine EJ: Thermodynamics and metabolic advantage of weight loss diets. Metab Synd Relat Disord. 2003, 1: 209-219. 10.1089/154041903322716688. View Article Google Scholar
- Feinman RD, Makowske M: Metabolic syndrome and low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets in the medical school biochemistry curriculum. Metab Synd Relat Disord. 2003, 1: 189-197. 10.1089/154041903322716660. View Article Google Scholar
- Fein EJ, Feinman RD: Thermodynamics of weight loss diets. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2004, Google Scholar
- Brooks GA, Fahey TD, White TP, Baldwin KM: Exercise Physiology: Human Bioenergetics and Its Applications. 2000, New York: McGraw-Hill Google Scholar
- Hue L: Regulation of gluconeogenesis in liver. Handbook of Physiology – Section 7: The Endocrine System – Volume II: The Endocrine Pancreas and Regulation of Metabolism. 2001, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 649-657.Google Scholar
- Bier DM: The energy cost of protein metabolism: Lean and mean on Uncle Sam's team. The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance. Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. 1999, Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 109-119.Google Scholar
- Johnston CS, Day CS, Swan PD: Postprandial thermogenesis is increased 100% on a high-protein, low-fat diet versus a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet in healthy, young women. J Am Coll Nutr. 2002, 21: 55-61. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Veech RL: The therapeutic implications of ketone bodies: the effects of ketone bodies in pathological conditions: ketosis, ketogenic diet, redox states, insulin resistance, and mitochondrial metabolism. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2004, 70: 309-19. 10.1016/j.plefa.2003.09.007. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Bravata DM, Sanders L, Huang J: Efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets: a systematic review. JAMA. 2003, 289: 1837-1850. 10.1001/jama.289.14.1837. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Kauffman JM: Bias in recent papers on diet and drugs in peer-reviewed medical journals. J Am Phys Surg. 2004, 9: 11-14. Google Scholar
- Foster GD, Wyatt HR, Hill JO: A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity. N Engl J Med. 2003, 348: 2082-90. 10.1056/NEJMoa022207. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Samaha FF, Iqbal N, Seshadri P: A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity. N Engl J Med. 2003, 348: 2074-2081. 10.1056/NEJMoa022637. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Kauffman JM: Low-carbohydrate diets. J Sci Exploration. 2004, 18: 83-134. Google Scholar
- Greene P, Willett W: Pilot 12-week feeding weight loss comparison: low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets [abstract]. Obes Res. 2003, 11: A23- View Article Google Scholar
- Volek JS, Sharman MJ, Cómez AL: Comparison of energy-restricted very-low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2004,Google Scholar
- Benoit FL, Martin RL, Watten RH: Changes in body composition during weight reduction in obesity. Balance studies comparing effects of fasting and a ketogenic diet. Ann Intern Med. 1965, 63: 604-612. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Young CM, Scanlan SS, Im HS: Effect on body composition and other parameters in obese young men of carbohydrate level of reduction diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1971, 24: 290-296.PubMed Google Scholar
- Volek JS, Sharman MJ, Love DM: Body composition and hormonal responses to a carbohydrate-restricted diet. Metabolism. 2002, 51: 864-870. 10.1053/meta.2002.32037. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Willi SM, Oexmann MJ, Wright NM: The effects of a high-protein, low-fat, ketogenic diet on adolescents with morbid obesity: body composition, blood chemistries, and sleep abnormalities. Pediatrics. 1998, 101: 61-7. 10.1542/peds.101.1.61. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Rabast U, Vornberger KH, Ehl M: Loss of weight, sodium and water in obese persons consuming a high- or low-carbohydrate diet. Ann Nutr Metab. 1981, 25: 341-349. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Brehm BJ, Seeley RJ, Daniels SR, D'Alessio DA: A randomised trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk in healthy women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003, 88: 1617-1623. 10.1210/jc.2002-021480. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Willi SM, Oexmann MJ, Wright NM: The effects of a high-protein, low-fat, ketogenic diet on adolescents with morbid obesity: body composition, blood chemistries, and sleep abnormalities. Pediatrics. 1998, 101: 61-67. 10.1542/peds.101.1.61. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Carlson MG, Campbell PJ: Intensive insulin therapy and weight gain in IDDM. Diabetes. 1993, 42: 1700-1707. 10.2337/diabetes.42.12.1700. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Agus MS, Swain JF, Larson CL: Dietary composition and physiological adaptation to energy restriction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000, 71: 901-907.PubMed CentralPubMed Google Scholar
- Hauner H: The impact pf pharmacotherapy on weight management in type 2 diabetes. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999, 23: S12-S17. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800956. View Article PubMed Google Scholar
- Feinman RD, Fein EJ: "A calorie is a calorie" violates the second law of thermodynamics. Nutr J. 2004, 3: 9-10.1186/1475-2891-3-9.PubMed Central View Article PubMed Google Scholar
S.B. Altenbach, W.H. Vensel, F.M. DupontThe spectrum of low molecular weight alpha-amylase/protease inhibitor genes expressed in the US bread wheat cultivar butte 86BMC Research Notes, 4 (2011), p. 242
D. Aune, D.S. Chan, R. Lau, R. Vieira, D.C. Greenwood, E. Kampman, T. NoratDietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studiesBMJ: British Medical Journal, 343 (2011)
J.S. Barrett, P.R. GibsonFermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (fodmaps) and nonallergic food intolerance: fodmaps or food chemicals?Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology, 5 (2012), pp. 261-268
C. Barron, A. Surget, X. RouauRelative amounts of tissues in mature wheat (triticum aestivum l.) grain and their carbohydrate and phenolic acid compositionJournal of Cereal Science, 45 (2007), pp. 88-96
F. Battais, C. Richard, S. JacquenetWheat grain allergies: an update on wheat allergensEuropean Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 40 (2008), pp. 67-76
Biesiekierski, E.D. Newnham, P.M. Irving, J.S. Barrett, M. Haines, J.D. Doecke, S.J. Shepherd, J.G. Muir, P.R. GibsonGluten causes gastrointestinal symptoms in subjects without celiac disease: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trialAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology, 106 (2010), pp. 508-514
Biesiekierski, O. Rosella, R. Rose, K. Liels, J. Barrett, S. Shepherd, P. Gibson, J. MuirQuantification of fructans, galactooligosacharides and other shortchain carbohydrates in processed grains and cerealsJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 24 (2011), pp. 154-176
I. Björck, E. Östman, M. Kristensen, N.M. Anson, R.K. Price, G.R.M.M. Haenen, R. Havenaar, K.E. Bach Knudsen, A. Frid, H. MykkänenCereal grains for nutrition and health benefits: overview of results from in vitro, animal and human studies in the healthgrain projectTrends in Food Science and Technology, 25 (2011)
R. Brenchley, M. Spannagl, M. Pfeifer, G.L.A. Barker, R. D'Amore, A.M. Allen, N. McKenzie, M. Kramer, A. Kerhornou, D. Bolser, S. Kay, D. Waite, M. Trick, I. Bancroft, Y. Gu, N. Huo, M.-C. Luo, S. Sehgal, B. Gill, S. Kianian, O. Anderson, P. Kersey, J. Dvorak, W.R. McCombie, A. Hall, K.F.X. Mayer, K.J. Edwards, M.W. Bevan, N. HallAnalysis of the bread wheat genome using whole-genome shotgun sequencingNature, 491 (2012), pp. 705-710
F. Brouns, I. Bjorck, K. Frayn, A. Gibbs, V. Lang, G. Slama, T. WoleverGlycaemic index methodologyNutrition Research Reviews, 18 (2005), p. 145
F. Brouns, Y. Hemery, R. Price, N.M. AnsonWheat aleurone: separation, composition, health aspects, and potential food useCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 52 (2011), pp. 553-568
A. Carroccio, P. Mansueto, G. Iacono, M. Soresi, A. D'Alcamo, F. Cavataio, I. Brusca, A.M. Florena, G. Ambrosiano, A. SeiditaNon-celiac wheat sensitivity diagnosed by double-blind placebo-controlled challenge: exploring a new clinical entityAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology (2012)
A. Carroccio, P. Mansueto, G. Iacono, M. Soresi, A. D'Alcamo, F. Cavataio, I. Brusca, A.M. Florena, G. Ambrosiano, A. SeiditaNon-celiac wheat sensitivity diagnosed by double-blind placebo-controlled challenge: exploring a new clinical entityAmerican Journal of Gasteroenterology (2012)
C. Catassi, A. FasanoCeliac diseaseCurrent Opinion in Gastroenterology, 24 (2008), pp. 687-691
CBSModern wheat a “perfect, chronic poison,” doctor saysD. Farber (Ed.), CBS News, CBS This Morning, New York (2012)
M.S. Colomba, A. GregoriniAre ancient durum wheats less toxic to celiac patients? A study of α-gliadin from graziella ra and kamutThe Scientific World Journal, 2012 (2012)
A.G. Cummins, I.C. Roberts-ThomsonPrevalence of celiac disease in the asia–pacific regionJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 24 (2009), pp. 1347-1351
W.R. DavisWheat Belly: Lose the Wheat, Lose the Weight, and Find Your Path Back to HealthRodale Books (2011)
J.S. de Munter, F.B. Hu, D. Spiegelman, M. Franz, R.M. van DamWhole grain, bran, and germ intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study and systematic reviewPLoS Medicine, 4 (2007), p. e261
A. Di Sabatino, A. Vanoli, P. Giuffrida, O. Luinetti, E. Solcia, G.R. CorazzaThe function of tissue transglutaminase in celiac diseaseAutoimmunity Reviews (2012)
J. Dubcovsky, J. DvorakGenome plasticity a key factor in the success of polyploid wheat under domesticationScience, 316 (2007), pp. 1862-1866
A. FardetNew hypotheses for the health-protective mechanisms of whole-grain cereals: what is beyond fibre?Nutrition Research Reviews, 23 (2010), pp. 65-134
A. Fasano, C. CatassiCurrent approaches to diagnosis and treatment of celiac disease: an evolving spectrumGasteroenterology, 120 (2001), pp. 636-651
M. Feldman, E. MilletThe contribution of the discovery of wild emmer to an understanding of wheat evolution and domestication and to wheat improvementIsrael Journal of Plant Sciences, 49 (2001), p. 25
N. Feldman, C. Norenberg, H. Voet, E. Manor, Y. Berner, Z. MadarEnrichment of an israeli ethnic food with fibres and their effects on the glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusBritish Journal of Nutrition, 74 (1995), pp. 681-688
K. Foster-Powell, S.H.A. Holt, J.C. Brand-MillerInternational table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76 (2002), pp. 5-56
A.J. Gaskins, S.L. Mumford, A.J. Rovner, C. Zhang, L. Chen, J. Wactawski-Wende, N.J. Perkins, E.F. SchistermanWhole grains are associated with serum concentrations of high sensitivity c-reactive protein among premenopausal womenJournal of Nutrition, 140 (2010), pp. 1669-1676
R. Giacco, G. Della Pepa, D. Luongo, G. RiccardiWhole grain intake in relation to body weight: from epidemiological evidence to clinical trialsNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases (2011)
E. Gilbert, E. Wong, K. WebbBoard-invited review: peptide absorption and utilization: implications for animal nutrition and healthJournal of Animal Science, 86 (2008), pp. 2135-2155
L.J.W.J. Gilissen, H.C. Van den Broeck, D.M. Londono, E.M.J. Salentijn, F. Koning, I.M. van der Meer, M.J.M. SmuldersFood-related strategies towards reduction of gluten intolerance and gluten sensitivityP. Koehler (Ed.), 25th Meeting Working Group on Prolamin Analysis and Toxicity, German Research Centre for Food Chemistry, Freising, Germany (2012), pp. 93-96
D. Godfrey, M.J. Hawkesford, S.J. Powers, S. Millar, P.R. ShewryEffects of crop nutrition on wheat grain composition and end use qualityJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (2010), pp. 3012-3021
S.V. Goryunova, E.M. Salentijn, N.N. Chikida, E.Z. Kochieva, I.M. van der Meer, L.J. Gilissen, M.J. SmuldersExpansion of the gamma-gliadin gene family in aegilops and triticumBMC Evolutionary Biology, 12 (2012), p. 215
S.M. GrundyMultifactorial causation of obesity: Implications for preventionThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67 (1998), pp. 563S-572S
H. Hauner, A. Bechthold, H. Boeing, A. Brönstrup, A. Buyken, E. Leschik-Bonnet, J. Linseisen, M. Schulze, D. Strohm, G. WolframEvidence-based guideline of the German nutrition society: carbohydrate intake and prevention of nutrition-related diseasesAnnals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 60 (2012), pp. 1-58
R. Hoover, Y. ZhouIn vitro and in vivo hydrolysis of legume starches by α-amylase and resistant starch formation in legumes—a reviewCarbohydrate Polymers, 54 (2003), pp. 401-417
D. Jenkins, C. Kendall, D. Faulkner, T. Kemp, A. Marchie, T. Nguyen, J. Wong, R. De Souza, A. Emam, E. VidgenLong-term effects of a plant-based dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods on blood pressureEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62 (2007), pp. 781-788
J.M. JonesWheat belly—an analysis of selected statements and basic theses from the bookCereal Foods World, 57 (2012), pp. 177-189
S.S. Jonnalagadda, L. Harnack, R.H. Liu, N. McKeown, C. Seal, S. Liu, G.C. FaheyPutting the whole grain puzzle together: health benefits associated with whole grains—summary of american society for nutrition 2010 satellite symposiumJournal of Nutrition, 141 (2011), pp. 1011S-1022S
T. Jönsson, B. Ahrén, G. Pacini, F. Sundler, N. Wierup, S. Steen, T. Sjoberg, M. Ugander, J. Frostegard, S. Goransson LindebergA paleolithic diet confers higher insulin sensitivity, lower c-reactive protein and lower blood pressure than a cereal-based diet in domestic pigsNutrition and Metabolism, 3 (2006), p. 39
T. Jönsson, S. Olsson, B. Ahrén, T.C. Bøg-Hansen, A. Dole, S. LindebergAgrarian diet and diseases of affluence–do evolutionary novel dietary lectins cause leptin resistance?BMC Endocrine Disorders, 5 (2005), p. 10
Y. Junker, S. Zeissig, S.J. Kim, D. Barisani, H. Wieser, D.A. Leffler, V. Zevallos, T.A. Libermann, S. Dillon, T.L. FreitagWheat amylase trypsin inhibitors drive intestinal inflammation via activation of toll-like receptor 4Journal of Experimental Medicine, 209 (2012), pp. 2395-2408
K.S. Juntunen, D.E. Laaksonen, K. Autio, L.K. Niskanen, J.J. Holst, K.E. Savolainen, K.H. Liukkonen, K.S. Poutanen, H.M. MykkänenStructural differences between rye and wheat breads but not total fiber content may explain the lower postprandial insulin response to rye breadAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 78 (2003), pp. 957-964
S.W. Keith, D.T. Redden, P. Katzmarzyk, M.M. Boggiano, E.C. Hanlon, R.M. Benca, D. Ruden, A. Pietrobelli, J. Barger, K. FontainePutative contributors to the secular increase in obesity: exploring the roads less traveledInternational Journal of Obesity, 30 (2006), pp. 1585-1594
P. Koh-Banerjee, M. Franz, L. Sampson, S. Liu, D.R. Jacobs, D. Spiegelman, W. Willett, E. RimmChanges in whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber consumption in relation to 8-y weight gain among menAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80 (2004), pp. 1237-1245
R.C. Masters, A.D. Liese, S.M. Haffner, L.E. Wagenknecht, A.J. HanleyWhole and refined grain intakes are related to inflammatory protein concentrations in human plasmaJournal of Nutrition, 140 (2010), pp. 587-594
F.H. MesserliChocolate consumption, cognitive function, and nobel laureatesNew England Journal of Medicine, 367 (2012), pp. 1562-1564
E.A. Molenaar, J.M. Massaro, P.F. Jacques, K.M. Pou, R.C. Ellison, U. Hoffmann, K. Pencina, S.D. Shadwick, R.S. Vasan, C.J. O'DonnellAssociation of lifestyle factors with abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adiposity the framingham heart studyDiabetes Care, 32 (2009), pp. 505-510
J.M. Monaghan, J.W. Snape, A.J.S. Chojecki, P.S. KettlewellThe use of grain protein deviation for identifying wheat cultivars with high grain protein concentration and yieldEuphytica, 122 (2001), pp. 309-317
K. Mustalahti, C. Catassi, A. Reunanen, E. Fabiani, M. Heier, S. McMillan, L. Murray, M.H. Metzger, M. Gasparin, E. BraviThe prevalence of celiac disease in europe: results of a centralized, international mass screening projectAnnals of Medicine, 42 (2010), pp. 587-595
M. PietzakCeliac disease, wheat allergy, and gluten sensitivityJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 36 (2012), pp. 68S-75S
L. Qi, R.M. van Dam, S. Liu, M. Franz, C. Mantzoros, F.B. HuWhole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber intakes and markers of systemic inflammation in diabetic womenDiabetes Care, 29 (2006), pp. 207-211
K. Raninen, J. Lappi, H. Mykkänen, K. PoutanenDietary fiber type reflects physiological functionality: comparison of grain fiber, inulin, and polydextroseNutrition Reviews, 69 (2011), pp. 9-21
A. Revedin, B. Aranguren, R. Becattini, L. Longo, E. Marconi, M.M. Lippi, N. Skakun, A. Sinitsyn, E. Spiridonova, J. SvobodaThirty thousand-year-old evidence of plant food processingProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (2010), pp. 18815-18819
G. Riccardi, G. Clemente, R. GiaccoGlycemic index of local foods and diets: the mediterranean experienceNutrition Reviews, 61 (2003), pp. S56-S60
M. Rose#gluten, #depression and Brain/neuro ProblemsTrulyGlutenFree, Manchester, UK (2011)
A. Rubio–Tapia, R.A. Kyle, E.L. Kaplan, D.R. Johnson, W. Page, F. Erdtmann, T.L. Brantner, W. Kim, T.K. Phelps, B.D. LahrIncreased prevalence and mortality in undiagnosed celiac diseaseGastroenterology, 137 (2009), pp. 88-93
C.A. RyanProtease inhibitors in plants: genes for improving defenses against insects and pathogensAnnual Review of Phytopathology, 28 (1990), pp. 425-449
A. Sapone, K.M. Lammers, V. Casolaro, M. Cammarota, M.T. Giuliano, M. De Rosa, R. Stefanile, G. Mazzarella, C. Tolone, M.I. RussoDivergence of gut permeability and mucosal immune gene expression in two gluten-associated conditions: celiac disease and gluten sensitivityBMC Medicine, 9 (2011), p. 23
D. Schupann, Y. Junker, V. Zevallos, H. WieserCereal triggers of innate immune activationP. Koehler (Ed.), 25th Meeting Working Group on Prolamin Analysis and Toxicity, German Research Centre for Food Chemistry, Germany (2012), pp. 93-96
P. ShewryWheatJournal of Experimental Botany, 60 (2009), pp. 1537-1553
P.R. ShewryEffects of nitrogen and sulfur nutrition on grain composition and properties of wheat and related cerealsThe Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops (2011), pp. 103-120
P.R. Shewry, G. Charmet, G. Branlard, D. Lafiandra, S. Gergely, A. Salgó, L. Saulnier, Z. Bedő, E. Mills, J.L. WardDeveloping new types of wheat with enhanced health benefitsTrends in Food Science and Technology (2012)
P.R. Shewry, K. Gebruers, A.A.M. Andersson, P. Åman, V. Piironen, A.M. Lampi, D. Boros, M. Rakszegi, Z. Bedo, J.L. WardRelationship between the contents of bioactive components in grain and the release dates of wheat lines in the healthgrain diversity screenJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (2011), pp. 928-933
J. Snape, V. Hyne, K. AitkenTargeting genes in wheat using marker-mediated approachesProceedings of the Eighth International Wheat Genetics Symposium (1993), pp. 749-759
F.L.P. Soares, R. de Oliveira Matoso, L.G. Teixeira, Z. Menezes, S.S. Pereira, A.C. Alves, N.V. Batista, A.M.C. de Faria, D.C. Cara, A.V.M. FerreiraGluten-free diet reduces adiposity, inflammation and insulin resistance associated with the induction of PPAR-alpha and PPAR-gamma expressionJournal of nutritional biochemistry, 24 (2013), pp. 1105-1111
Z. Sun, R. CadeFindings in normal rats following administration of gliadorphin-7 (gd-7)Peptides, 24 (2003), pp. 321-323
A. Tatham, P. ShewryAllergens to wheat and related cerealsClinical and Experimental Allergy, 38 (2008), pp. 1712-1726
E.F. Verdu, D. Armstrong, J.A. MurrayBetween celiac disease and irritable bowel syndrome: the “no man's land” of gluten sensitivityAmerican Journal of Gasteroenterology, 104 (2009), pp. 1587-1594
J.L. Ward, K. Poutanen, K. Gebruers, V. Piironen, A.-M. Lampi, L. Nystrom, A.A. Andersson, D. Boros, M. Rakszegi, Z. BedoThe healthgrain cereal diversity screen: concept, results, and prospectsJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56 (2008), pp. 9699-9709
C. Wrigley, J. Bietz, Y. PomeranzProteins and amino acidsWheat: Chemistry and Technology, I (1988), pp. 159-275
E.Q. Ye, S.A. Chacko, E.L. Chou, M. Kugizaki, S. LiuGreater whole-grain intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and weight gainJournal of Nutrition, 142 (2012), pp. 1304-1313
K.H. Yoon, J.H. Lee, J.W. Kim, J.H. Cho, Y.H. Choi, S.H. Ko, P. Zimmet, H.Y. SonEpidemic obesity and type 2 diabetes in asiaLancet, 368 (2006), pp. 1681-1688
Volume 58, Issue 2, September 2013, Pages 209-215
- Ames BN, Magaw R, Gold LS. Ranking possible carcinogenic hazards. Science. 1987 Apr 17;236(4799):271–280.
- Gold LS, Bernstein L, Magaw R, Slone TH. Interspecies extrapolation in carcinogenesis: prediction between rats and mice. Environ Health Perspect. 1989 May;81:211–219.
- Gold LS, Sawyer CB, Magaw R, Backman GM, de Veciana M, Levinson R, Hooper NK, Havender WR, Bernstein L, Peto R, et al. A carcinogenic potency database of the standardized results of animal bioassays. Environ Health Perspect. 1984 Dec;58:9–319.
- Gold LS, de Veciana M, Backman GM, Magaw R, Lopipero P, Smith M, Blumenthal M, Levinson R, Bernstein L, Ames BN. Chronological supplement to the Carcinogenic Potency Database: standardized results of animal bioassays published through December 1982. Environ Health Perspect. 1986 Aug;67:161–200.
- Gold LS, Slone TH, Backman GM, Magaw R, Da Costa M, Lopipero P, Blumenthal M, Ames BN. Second chronological supplement to the Carcinogenic Potency Database: standardized results of animal bioassays published through December 1984 and by the National Toxicology Program through May 1986. Environ Health Perspect. 1987 Oct;74:237–329.
- Gold LS, Slone TH, Backman GM, Eisenberg S, Da Costa M, Wong M, Manley NB, Rohrbach L, Ames BN. Third chronological supplement to the carcinogenic potency database: standardized results of animal bioassays published through December 1986 and by the National Toxicology Program through June 1987. Environ Health Perspect. 1990 Mar;84:215–286.
- Gold LS, Slone TH, Bernstein L. Summary of carcinogenic potency and positivity for 492 rodent carcinogens in the carcinogenic potency database. Environ Health Perspect. 1989 Feb;79:259–272.
- Ames BN, Gold LS. Chemical carcinogenesis: too many rodent carcinogens. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Oct;87(19):7772-6.
- Gunderson EL. FDA Total Diet Study, April 1982-April 1984, dietary intakes of pesticides, selected elements, and other chemicals. J Assoc Off Anal Chem. 1988 Nov-Dec;71(6):1200-9.
- Janzen, D. H. Promising directions of study in tropical animal plant interactions. Ann Missouri Bot Gard. 1997. 64: 706-736.
- Ames BN, Profet M, Gold LS. Dietary pesticides (99.99% all natural). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Oct;87(19):7777-81.
- Finkelstein E, Afek U, Gross E, Aharoni N, Rosenberg L, Halevy S. An outbreak of phytophotodermatitis due to celery. Int J Dermatol. 1994 Feb;33(2):116-8.
- Pätzold R, Brückner H. Mass spectrometric detection and formation of D-amino acids in processed plant saps, syrups, and fruit juice concentrates. J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Dec 14;53(25):9722-9.
- García-Aguirre M, Sáenz-Alvaro VA, Rodríguez-Soto MA, Vicente-Magueyal FJ, Botello-Alvarez E, Jimenez-Islas H, Cárdenas-Manríquez M, Rico-Martínez R, Navarrete-Bolaños JL. Strategy for biotechnological process design applied to the enzymatic hydrolysis of agave fructo-oligosaccharides to obtain fructose-rich syrups. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Nov 11;57(21):10205-10.
- Guzmán-Maldonado H, Paredes-López O. Amylolytic enzymes and products derived from starch: a review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 1995 Sep;35(5):373-403. Review.
- Dangour AD, Dodhia SK, Hayter A, Allen E, Lock K, Uauy R. Nutritional quality of organic foods: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Sep;90(3):680-5. Review.
- Crinnion WJ. Organic foods contain higher levels of certain nutrients, lower levels of pesticides, and may provide health benefits for the consumer. Altern Med Rev. 2010 Apr;15(1):4-12. Review.
- Magkos F, Arvaniti F, Zampelas A. Organic food: nutritious food or food for thought? A review of the evidence. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2003 Sep;54(5):357-71. Review.
- Williams CM. Nutritional quality of organic food: shades of grey or shades of green? Proc Nutr Soc. 2002 Feb;61(1):19-24. Review.
- Bourn D, Prescott J. A comparison of the nutritional value, sensory qualities, and food safety of organically and conventionally produced foods. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2002 Jan;42(1):1-34. Review.
- Reijnders L, Soret S. Quantification of the environmental impact of different dietary protein choices. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;78(3 Suppl):664S-668S. Review.
- Drozdzyński D, Kowalska J. Rapid analysis of organic farming insecticides in soil and produce using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2009 Aug;394(8):2241-7. Epub 2009 Jul 5.
- Iannotta N, Belfiore T, Brandmayr P, Noce ME, Scalercio S. Evaluation of the impact on entomocoenosis of active agents allowed in organic olive farming against Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin, 1790). J Environ Sci Health B. 2007 Sep-Oct;42(7):783-8.
- Isman MB. Botanical insecticides, deterrents, and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Annu Rev Entomol. 2006;51:45-66. Review.
- DiMatteo K. Pesticides and organic agriculture. Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Nov;112(15):A865; (Be sure to read the editor’s comment.)
- Höglinger GU, Oertel WH, Hirsch EC. The rotenone model of parkinsonism–the five years inspection. J Neural Transm Suppl. 2006;(70):269-72. Review.
- Swarnkar S, Singh S, Goswami P, Mathur R, Patro IK, Nath C. Astrocyte Activation: A Key Step in Rotenone Induced Cytotoxicity and DNA Damage. Neurochem Res. 2012 Jul 31. [Epub ahead of print]
1. Alexander D, Ball MJ, Mann J. Nutrient intake and haematological status of vegetarians and age-sex matched omnivores. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1994 Aug;48(8):538-46.
2. Key TJ, Appleby PN, Rosell MS. Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets. Proc Nutr Soc. 2006 Feb;65(1):35-41. Review.
3. Krajcovicova-Kudlackova M, Blazicek P, Babinska K, Kopcova J, Klvanova J, Bederova A, Magalova T. Traditional and alternative nutrition–levels of homocysteine and lipid parameters in adults. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2000 Dec;60(8):657-64.
4. Obeid R, Geisel J, Schorr H, Hubner U, Herrmann W. The impact of vegetarianism on some haematological parameters. Eur J Haematol. 2002 Nov-Dec;69(5-6):275-9.
5. Mezzano D, Kosiel K, Martinez C, Cuevas A, Panes O, Aranda E, Strobel P, Perez DD, Pereira J, Rozowski J, Leighton F. Cardiovascular risk factors in vegetarians. Normalization of hyperhomocysteinemia with vitamin B(12) and reduction of platelet aggregation with n-3 fatty acids. Thromb Res. 2000 Nov 1;100(3):153-60.
6. Krajcovicova-Kudlackova M, Blazicek P, Kopcova J, Bederova A, Babinska K. Homocysteine levels in vegetarians versus omnivores. Ann Nutr Metab. 2000;44(3):135-8.
7. Bissoli L, Di Francesco V, Ballarin A, Mandragona R, Trespidi R, Brocco G, Caruso B, Bosello O, Zamboni M. Effect of vegetarian diet on homocysteine levels. Ann Nutr Metab. 2002;46(2):73-9.
8. Welch GN, Loscalzo J. Homocysteine and atherothrombosis. N Engl J Med. 1998 Apr 9;338(15):1042-50. Review. No abstract available.
9. Geisel J, Hennen B, Hubner U, Knapp JP, Herrmann W. The impact of hyperhomocysteinemia as a cardiovascular risk factor in the prediction of coronary heart disease. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2003 Nov;41(11):1513-7.
10. Parnetti L, Caso V, Santucci A, Corea F, Lanari A, Floridi A, Conte C, Bottiglieri T. Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk-factor in all etiological subtypes of stroke. Neurol Sci. 2004 Apr;25(1):13-7.
11. Abdulla M, Andersson I, Asp NG, Berthelsen K, Birkhed D, Dencker I, Johansson CG, Jagerstad M, Kolar K, Nair BM, Nilsson-Ehle P, Norden A, Rassner S, Akesson B, Ockerman PA. Nutrient intake and health status of vegans. Chemical analyses of diets using the duplicate portion sampling technique. Am J Clin Nutr. 1981 Nov;34(11):2464-77.
12. Barr SI, Broughton TM. Relative weight, weight loss efforts and nutrient intakes among health-conscious vegetarian, past vegetarian and nonvegetarian women ages 18 to 50. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000 Nov-Dec;19(6):781-8.
13. Donovan UM, Gibson RS. Dietary intakes of adolescent females consuming vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, and omnivorous diets. J Adolesc Health. 1996 Apr;18(4):292-300.
14. Alexander D, Ball MJ, Mann J. Nutrient intake and haematological status of vegetarians and age-sex matched omnivores. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1994 Aug;48(8):538-46.
15. Laidlaw SA, Shultz TD, Cecchino JT, Kopple JD. Plasma and urine taurine levels in vegans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Apr;47(4):660-3.
16. Rana SK, Sanders TA. Taurine concentrations in the diet, plasma, urine and breast milk of vegans compared with omnivores. Br J Nutr. 1986 Jul;56(1):17-27.
17. Acosta PB. Availability of essential amino acids and nitrogen in vegan diets. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Sep;48(3 Suppl):868-74. Review.
18. Vargas E, Bressani R, Navarrete DA, Braham JE, Elias LG. A new alternative for estimating recommendations of protein intake in humans. Protein requirements of an adult population fed with a diet based on rice and beans. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 1985 Sep;35(3):394-405.
19. Massa G, Vanoppen A, Gillis P, Aerssens P, Alliet P, Raes M. Protein malnutrition due to replacement of milk by rice drink. Eur J Pediatr. 2001 Jun;160(6):382-4.
20. Steele M, Yokum D, Armstrong A. Efficacy of intraperitoneal amino acid (IPAA) dialysate in an Asian vegetarian patient with chronic hypoalbuminaemia. EDTNA ERCA J. 1998 Apr-Jun;24(2):28-32.
21. Shultz TD, Leklem JE. Nutrient intake and hormonal status of premenopausal vegetarian Seventh-day Adventists and premenopausal nonvegetarians. Nutr Cancer. 1983;4(4):247-59.
22. Agren JJ, Tormala ML, Nenonen MT, Hanninen OO. Fatty acid composition of erythrocyte, platelet, and serum lipids in strict vegans. Lipids. 1995 Apr;30(4):365-9.
23. Roshanai F, Sanders TA. Assessment of fatty acid intakes in vegans and omnivores. Hum Nutr Appl Nutr. 1984 Oct;38(5):345-54.
24. Haddad EH, Berk LS, Kettering JD, Hubbard RW, Peters WR. Dietary intake and biochemical, hematologic, and immune status of vegans compared with nonvegetarians. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):586S-593S.
25. Obeid R, Geisel J, Schorr H, Hubner U, Herrmann W. The impact of vegetarianism on some haematological parameters. Eur J Haematol. 2002 Nov-Dec;69(5-6):275-9.
26. Golovin AA, Konvai VD, Re’dkin IuV. [Metabolic and immunologic disorders in the pathogenesis of iron deficiency anemia and its complications] Klin Med (Mosk). 1989 Aug;67(8):64-6. Russian.
27. Cuisinier-Raynal JC, Ducorps M, Lecoadou A, du Bourguet F. The nutritional immunodeficiency syndrome. Med Trop (Mars). 1985 Apr-Jun;45(2):135-43.
28. Pongstaporn W, Bunyaratavej A. Hematological parameters, ferritin and vitamin B12 in vegetarians. J Med Assoc Thai. 1999 Mar;82(3):304-11.
29. Kwak HK, Hansen CM, Leklem JE, Hardin K, Shultz TD. Improved vitamin B-6 status is positively related to lymphocyte proliferation in young women consuming a controlled diet. J Nutr. 2002 Nov;132(11):3308-13.
30. Sebekova K, Krajcoviova-Kudlackova M, Schinzel R, Faist V, Klvanova J, Heidland A. Plasma levels of advanced glycation end products in healthy, long-term vegetarians and subjects on a western mixed diet. Eur J Nutr. 2001 Dec;40(6):275-81.
31. Krajcovicova-Kudlackova M, Sebekova K, Schinzel R, Klvanova J. Advanced glycation end products and nutrition. Physiol Res. 2002;51(3):313-6.
32. Deane R, Singh I, Sagare AP, Bell RD, Ross NT, LaRue B, Love R, Perry S, Paquette N, Deane RJ, Thiyagarajan M, Zarcone T, Fritz G, Friedman AE, Miller BL, Zlokovic BV. A multimodal RAGE-specific inhibitor reduces amyloid β-mediated brain disorder in a mouse model of Alzheimer disease. J Clin Invest. 2012 Apr 2;122(4):1377-92.
33. Deane RJ. Is RAGE still a therapeutic target for Alzheimer’s disease? Future Med Chem. 2012 May;4(7):915-25. Review.
34. Lue LF, Yan SD, Stern DM, Walker DG. Preventing activation of receptor for advanced glycation endproducts in Alzheimer’s disease. Curr Drug Targets CNS Neurol Disord. 2005 Jun;4(3):249-66. Review.
35. Chen X, Walker DG, Schmidt AM, Arancio O, Lue LF, Yan SD. RAGE: a potential target for Abeta-mediated cellular perturbation in Alzheimer’s disease. Curr Mol Med. 2007 Dec;7(8):735-42. Review.
36. Key TJ, Appleby PN, Davey GK, Allen NE, Spencer EA, Travis RC. Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;78(3 Suppl):533S-538S. Review.
37. Thane CW, Bates CJ. Dietary intakes and nutrient status of vegetarian preschool children from a British national survey. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2000 Jun;13(3):149-162.
38. Rauma AL, Nenonen M, Helve T, Hanninen O. Effect of a strict vegan diet on energy and nutrient intakes by Finnish rheumatoid patients. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1993 Oct;47(10):747-9.
39. Appleby PN, Thorogood M, Mann JI, Key TJ. The Oxford Vegetarian Study: an overview. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):525S-531S.
40. Donovan UM, Gibson RS. Dietary intakes of adolescent females consuming vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, and omnivorous diets. J Adolesc Health. 1996 Apr;18(4):292-300.
41. Lowik MR, Schrijver J, Odink J, van den Berg H, Wedel M. Long-term effects of a vegetarian diet on the nutritional status of elderly people (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System). J Am Coll Nutr. 1990 Dec;9(6):600-9.
42. Lightowler HJ, Davies GJ. Micronutrient intakes in a group of UK vegans and the contribution of self-selected dietary supplements. J R Soc Health. 2000 Jun;120(2):117-24.
43. Lithell H, Vessby B, Hellsing K, Ljunghall K, Hoglund NJ, Werner I, Bruce A. Changes in metabolism during a fasting period and a subsequent vegetarian diet with particular reference to glucose metabolism. Ups J Med Sci. 1983;88(2):109-19.
44. Donovan UM, Gibson RS. Iron and zinc status of young women aged 14 to 19 years consuming vegetarian and omnivorous diets. J Am Coll Nutr. 1995 Oct;14(5):463-72.
45. Lightowler HJ, Davies GJ. Iodine intake and iodine deficiency in vegans as assessed by the duplicate-portion technique and urinary iodine excretion. Br J Nutr. 1998 Dec;80(6):529-35.
46. Lightowler HJ, Davies GJ. Assessment of iodine intake in vegans: weighed dietary record vs duplicate portion technique. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Aug;56(8):765-70.
47. Appleby P, Roddam A, Allen N, Key T. Comparative fracture risk in vegetarians and nonvegetarians in EPIC-Oxford. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007 Dec;61(12):1400-6.
48. Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford.
49. Key TJ, Appleby PN, Davey GK, Allen NE, Spencer EA, Travis RC.
50. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;78(3 Suppl):533S-538S. Review.
51. Appleby PN, Key TJ, Thorogood M, Burr ML, Mann J. Mortality in British vegetarians. Public Health Nutr. 2002 Feb;5(1):29-36.
52. Chang-Claude J, Hermann S, Eilber U, Steindorf K. Lifestyle determinants and mortality in German vegetarians and health-conscious persons: results of a 21-year follow-up. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Apr;14(4):963-8.
53. Key TJ, Fraser GE, Thorogood M, Appleby PN, Beral V, Reeves G, Burr ML, Chang-Claude J, Frentzel-Beyme R, Kuzma JW, Mann J, McPherson K. Mortality in vegetarians and non-vegetarians: a collaborative analysis of 8300 deaths among 76,000 men and women in five prospective studies. Public Health Nutr. 1998 Mar;1(1):33-41.
54. Spencer EA, Appleby PN, Davey GK, Key TJ. Diet and body mass index in 38000 EPIC-Oxford meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2003 Jun;27(6):728-34.
55. Allison DB, Zannolli R, Faith MS, Heo M, Pietrobelli A, Vanitallie TB, Pi-Sunyer FX, Heymsfield SB. Weight loss increases and fat loss decreaess all-cause mortality rate: results from two independent cohort studies. Presented at: ACSM 46th Annual meeting, 1999. -8-2- Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999 Jun;23(6):603-11.
56. Atkinson RL. Proposed standards for judging the success of the treatment of obesity. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Oct 1;119(7 Pt 2):677-80. -4-17-
57. Bakker I, Twisk JW, Van Mechelen W, Kemper HC. Fat-free body mass is the most important body composition determinant of 10-yr longitudinal development of lumbar bone in adult men and women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Jun;88(6):2607-13.
58. Okura T, Nakata Y, Yamabuki K, Tanaka K. Regional body composition changes exhibit opposing effects on coronary heart disease risk factors. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004 May;24(5):923-9.
59. Cicoira M, Davos CH, Francis DP, Doehner W, Zanolla L, Franceschini L, Piepoli MF, Coats AJ, Zardini P, Poole-Wilson PA, Anker SD. Prediction of mortality in chronic heart failure from peak oxygen consumption adjusted for either body weight or lean tissue. J Card Fail. 2004 Oct;10(5):421-6.
60. Haddad EH, Tanzman JS. What do vegetarians in the United States eat? Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;78(3 Suppl):626S-632S. Review.
61. Li D, Sinclair A, Mann N, Turner A, Ball M, Kelly F, Abedin L, Wilson A. The association of diet and thrombotic risk factors in healthy male vegetarians and meat-eaters. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1999 Aug;53(8):612-9.
62. Thorogood M, Mann J, Appleby P, McPherson K. Risk of death from cancer and ischaemic heart disease in meat and non-meat eaters. BMJ. 1994 Jun 25;308(6945):1667-70.
63. Dagnelie PC, van Staveren WA, Vergote FJ, Dingjan PG, van den Berg H, Hautvast JG. Increased risk of vitamin B-12 and iron deficiency in infants on macrobiotic diets. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Oct;50(4):818-24.
64. Hunninghake DB, Maki KC, Kwiterovich PO Jr, Davidson MH, Dicklin MR, Kafonek SD. Incorporation of lean red meat into a National Cholesterol Education Program Step I diet: a long-term, randomized clinical trial in free-living persons with hypercholesterolemia. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000 Jun;19(3):351-60.
65. Davidson MH, Hunninghake D, Maki KC, Kwiterovich PO Jr, Kafonek S. Comparison of the effects of lean red meat vs lean white meat on serum lipid levels among free-living persons with hypercholesterolemia: a long-term, randomized clinical trial. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Jun 28;159(12):1331-8.
66. Watts GF, Ahmed W, Quiney J, Houlston R, Jackson P, Iles C, Lewis B. Effective lipid lowering diets including lean meat. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1988 Jan 23;296(6617):235-7.
67. Nicklas TA, Farris RP, Myers L, Berenson GS. Impact of meat consumption on nutritional quality and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995 Aug;95(8):887-92.
68. Howe PR, Meyer BJ, Record S, Baghurst K. Contribution of red meat to very long chain omega-3 fatty acid (VLCOmega3) intake. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2003 Nov;12(Suppl):S27.
69. Marniemi J, Seppanen A, Hakala P. Long-term effects on lipid metabolism of weight reduction on lactovegetarian and mixed diet. Int J Obes. 1990 Feb;14(2):113-25.
70. Sinclair AJ, O’Dea K, Dunstan G, Ireland PD, Niall M. Effects on plasma lipids and fatty acid composition of very low fat diets enriched with fish or kangaroo meat. Lipids. 1987 Jul;22(7):523-9.
71. Wolfe BM, Giovannetti PM. Short-term effects of substituting protein for carbohydrate in the diets of moderately hypercholesterolemic human subjects. Metabolism. 1991 Apr;40(4):338-43.
72. Wolfe BM, Giovannetti PM. High protein diet complements resin therapy of familial hypercholesterolemia. Clin Invest Med. 1992 Aug;15(4):349-59.
73. Wolfe BM, Piche LA. Replacement of carbohydrate by protein in a conventional-fat diet reduces cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in healthy normolipidemic subjects. Clin Invest Med. 1999 Aug;22(4):140-8.
74. Wolfe BM. Potential role of raising dietary protein intake for reducing risk of atherosclerosis. Can J Cardiol. 1995 Oct;11 Suppl G:127G-131G.